The Loos Salient 1915-
"..the Black Country of France, scattered with mining villages in which every house was a machine-
War Correspondent Phillip Gibbs
In October 1914 the advancing German 6th Army overran Lens together with its neighbouring towns and villages. XIV Armee Korps soon established a strong front line to the west of Loos-
“The Battle of Loos” grew out of a much grander French Army offensive in the Artois and Champagne, conceived by Marshal Joseph Joffre, head of the French army, to expel the enemy from her soil and take pressure off the crumbling Russian armies in the east.
On a 20 mile front between Arras and the La Bassée Canal, the Artois part of the offensive would involve General D'Urbal's French Tenth Army, together with General Sir Douglas Haig's British First Army. Both would be augmented by subsidiary attacks on other fronts to prevent enemy reserves moving in support of the main assault.